Cinnamon

_1

cinnamon

[Medicine name]: Cinnamon[Pinyin]: ROUGUI[English name]: CassiaBark[Source]: It is the dicotyledon medicinal plant Cinnamomum plant cinnamon dry skin and branch bark.

  [Efficacy]: Disperses cold and relieves pain, replenishes fire and helps yang, warms the spleen and stomach, passes blood, and kills insects and gnats.

  [Indications]: Zhifamen fire failure, limb cold pulse, dying Yang deficiency, abdominal pain and diarrhea, cold kidney running dolphin, waist and knee cold pain, amenorrhea, yin ulcer, flow injection, and virtual sun floating,Heat up and cold down.

  [Sexual flavor return classics]: Xin, Gan, hot.

  ① “Ben Jing”: “Wei Xin, Wen.

“②” Do not record “:” Wei Ganxin, hot, there is a small poison.

“③” On the nature of medicine “:” Weikuxin, non-toxic.

“④ Medical Kaiyuan”: “Qi heat, Wei Daxin.

Into the kidney, spleen, bladder, heart, liver.

  ① “Pearl Sac”: “The Sun.

“” Foot Shaoyin.

“②” Lei Gongpao Pharmaceutical Sexual Solution “:” Into the heart, spleen, lungs, and kidneys.

“③” Ben Cao Jing Shu “:” Starting with Foot Shao Yin, Jueyin blood.

[Usage and dosage]: Oral administration: Jiantang, 0.

5-1.

5 money; or into pills, scattered.

Topical application: rubbing or rubbing with wine at the end of research.

  [Medication should be avoided]: Yin deficiency and fire, there is real heat, blood heat delusions are not to be taken, pregnant women with caution.

  ① “Don’t record”: “Get ginseng, licorice, asparagus, rhubarb, scutellaria baicalensis, adjust the qi and qi; get Chaihu, amethyst, dry digitalis, cure vomiting.

“②” Medicine Pair “:” Avoid stone fat.

“③” Compendium of Materia Medica “:” Blood collapse, hemorrhage, hemoptysis due to yin deficiency, hemorrhage due to yin deficiency, nasal cavity, dentition, sweat, dysuria due to heat, stool due to dryness, lung heat, cough, excessive postpartum hemorrhage, and postpartumBlood deficiency and fever, cold and fever due to postpartum hypothermia, yin deficiency and five upsets, like crooked eyes, aphasia, aphasia, astringent language, dry hands and feet, heat stroke, dizziness, moderate heat and abdominal pain, women with yin deficiency and less abdominal pain, all gentleFever, headache, thirst, sunburn, madness, cramps, diarrhea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, acne, blood, heat, dryness, black depression, women’s blood heat, menstruation, women’s yin deficiency, internal amenorrhea, women, yin deficiency, cold, heatIf the mouth is dry, the woman’s blood-heat meridian is painful, the man and woman are yin deficiency, the internal heat is cold, and the heat-stroke and diarrhea are hot, all stagnate the pure blood, due to the heart-warming fever, blood from the intestinal wind, and venomous blood in the stool, Yang feels like yin, dream nocturnal slippery, number of virtual yang, jue yin blindness and more than thirty cards, law and taboo.

“④ Materia Medica”: “Don’t see fire.

“⑤” Mate with Materia Medica “:” Sputum and sore throat, blood deficiency and dryness inside, pregnant women, postpartum blood heat, the four instead.

“⑥” Medical Materia Medica “:” People who are deficient in blood and less in blood, and those who have a liver fire should not be.

“[Medicine compatibility]: 1.

Avoid raw onions, stone fat, evil chrysanthemums, and fear of calla.

  2.

Gametophyte, combined with movement and static, has a powerful effect of warming the kidney and helping the sun.

Indications: Pain in the lumbosacral dysfunction, soft footshoes, weak cold, impotence, premature ejaculation, and infertility in the palace.

  3.

With rhubarb, one cold and one hot, the so-called cold and heat complement each other, yin and yang are reconciled, and the spleen and yang pass the stool.

  4.

With Coptis chinensis, one cold and one hot, one yin and one yang, the opposite complement each other, there are Xienan Bubei, the magical function of traffic heart and kidney, attending heart and kidney discomfort, seeing heart palpitations, especially at night, dreaming insomnia, upset, very upsetDifficult to enter into embolism.

  5,

With musk, attending cell stagnation and blood stasis block, in the dead part of the fetus, the coat is difficult to stay, or the cold coagulation stagnation is difficult to produce.

6, with cloves, with cold Yin Yin Sheng, cold qi stagnation abdominal pain.

  [Alias]: Mu Gui (“Ben Jing”), Zi Gui (“Medicinal Theory”), Da Gui (“Tang Ben Cao”), spicy Gui (“Ren Zhai Zhi Fang”), cinnamon (“Compendium of Materia Medica”), Yu Gui (“Materia Medica seeking the original”).

The original plant cinnamon is also known as: Guimu (“Shan Hai Jing”), loquat, Mu Gui (“Erya”), osmanthus (“Erya” Guo Zhuan note), bran cinnamon.
Medicinal materials ① Guangui (“The Sketch of the Book”) is also known as: Bacterium Gui (the “Book of Classics” as the Guigui), Tonggui (“Tang Bencao”), Guiertong, Guitong, and Tiegui.
  ② Qi Biangui also known as: Qinghua Gui.

  ③ Ban Gui (“The Book of Sketches”) aka Guinan[Prescription name]: Cinnamon, Guixin, Cinnamon, Purple Cinnamon, Ground Cinnamon, Cinnamon Powder, Bangui, Guangui, Upper Cinnamon, Shangguangui, FriedGuan Gui, Mu Gui, Cinnamon Heart, An Gui, Da An Gui[Product Name]: Guan Gui: Also known as Shangguan Gui, Bacterium Gui, Gui Gui, Tong Gui, Gui Ertong, Gui Tong, You Gui Tong, Tiao Gui,Guang Tiaogui refers to those of good quality in cinnamon.

According to Li Shizhen’s explanation, Guangui “is the highest-ranking official.”

  Alpine cinnamon: Wild products from imported cinnamon.

  Low mountain cinnamon: Cultivated in imported cinnamon.

  Qibian Gui: Also known as Qinghua Gui, Qinghua Yugui, Qinghua Cinnamon.

It is a wild cinnamon produced by Qinghua, Beibei, Vietnam.

Divided into high mountain enterprises Biangui, low mountain enterprises Biangui and other specifications.

  Ban Gui: Also known as Gui Nan, flat Gui.

Outer skin of 15-year-old cinnamon tree.

Mostly pressed into a plate shape, hence the name Bangui.

  Guang cinnamon: Cinnamon produced in Guangxi and Guangdong.

  Annan Cinnamon: Also known as An cinnamon, An Gui.

Cinnamon from Vietnam (formerly Annan).

  Huang Yao cinnamon: also known as Huang Yao Gui.

Cinnamon from Dayao Mountain.

  Mengzi cinnamon: aka Mengzigui.

It is produced in Mengshan near Beibei and the edge of Yunnan. Because it is sold in Mengzi, it is named Mengzi cinnamon.

  Guixin: Scrape off the skin, the surface is rough, red-brown, commonly known as Guixin.

  All the above products are thin in skin, rich in oil, strong in aroma, sweet and slightly spicy, fine in flesh and chewed without residue.

  [Animal and plant resources distribution]: distributed in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and other places.

The medicinal materials are mainly produced in Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan and other places.

  [Harvest and storage of medicinal materials]: Generally from August to October, laurels are selected, the bark is stripped according to a certain width, and processed into different specifications. There are several types:The young trunk bark and thick branch bark of 6 years old are rolled into an axial shape and dried in the shade after 1-2 days of exposure.

  ② Qi Biangui: Peel more than ten years old dry skin, cut them apart, sandwich them in wooden convex and concave boards, and dry them.

  ③ Bangui: Peel the dried bark of the old laurel tree, place a cutting opening at a distance of 30 cm from the ground, replace the bark, and remove it when it is dried in a cinnamon folder until it is 90% dry, stacked vertically and compressed, about 1 month laterThat is completely dry.

For “Guixin”, that is, the strips detected during the processing of cinnamon, and those who remove the suppository.

All kinds of cinnamon goods should be stored in a dry and cool place, or put in a tin box and kept tightly.

  [Latin name]: Cortex Cinnamomi original plant Cinnamomum cassia Presl[Processing method]: 1.

Pick out the impurities, scrape the rough skin, and break it when using; 2.

Or scrape off the rough skin, soak it in warm water for a while, slice and dry.

  3.

Crushed and ground, the finished product is called “cinnamon powder”.

  [Research]: From “Tang Bencao”, (“Chinese Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine”), “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” (“Chinese Medicine Sea”) ① Tao Hongjing: “According to the” Book of Materia Medica, “there is only 箘, Mu Ergui, and Gui (one‘而无此桂’)用体大同小异。Today, there are three kinds of common use. The single-named Gui who uses half-fat fat is the most commonly used medicine . “The Classic” cloud: Gui leaves such as cypress leaves, dark black, yellow skin, and red heart.

“②” Tang Bencao “:” Puppets, bamboo names, those who used the ancient gui gui, so the cloud triplet is good. ”

There are also two or three rolls of the cassia laurel. The leaves are three lines, and the texture is as thin as bamboo. The large branches and twigs are all cassia, but the large branches cannot be rerolled, the taste is very thin, and it is not used in medicine.

Today only out of Shaozhou.

“Or Yun Mu Gui Gui is today Mu Gui and single name Gui also.

This sweet-scented osmanthus is the same as Tong Gui, except that the leaves are twice as long, and the large and small branches are named Mugui.
Of course, the large branch skin is as rough as Magnolia, and the flesh is less flavourful and less than the small branch skin.
The flesh of the twig is mostly rolled, and it will be wrinkled in the middle. It is spicy and beautiful.

One cinnamon, one cinnamon stick, one cinnamon heart.

Out of Rongzhou.

Liuzhou, Jiaozhou.

“” The leaves of Gui Gui are like persimmon leaves, with three vertical texts. The surface is hairless and shiny.

The cinnamon leaves are long.

Tao Yun Xiaogui, or a person whose leaves are small.

Tao Yin’s “Scripture” cloud, leaves are like cypress leaves, are not similar, I do not know where the words came from.

Today, there are two types of cinnamon, but the skins are slightly different. If the old skin of osmanthus osmanthus is sturdy and meatless, it is unusable; its small branches and thin rolls and the two or three folds, or the name of osmanthus or the tube of osmanthus, and its cassiaTender bark, called cinnamon, is also known as cinnamon stick; its old name is Mu Gui, also known as Da Gui, which is good for ginseng.

This is Gui Gui, with single Gui Tiao left, Tao is deeply wrong.

“③” Compendium of Materia Medica “:” Zigui, Mugui, Guixin, have three colors, and are the same thing.

According to Guilin, Guiling, because of the name of Gui, the birth of this today does not leave this county.

From the ridge south of the sea, there are laurels, but Liuzhou has the most.

The taste is intense, the skin is thick and firm, the thick is tender, and the thin is old.

The old thin person is the same color, and the thick and tender person is the same color. The tenderness is spicy and the tube is rolled; the old must be light and naturally thin.

The thin one, namely Mu Guiye, is named after the boss; the tube-roller, namely Gui Guiye, is tender and easy to roll.

The ancient prescription had a tube of gui, whose characters resemble 箘 characters. Later generations mistakenly wrote them, and became customary. As for the book’s biography, it was repeated.

Guixin is to remove the nails on the skin and take them close, which is sweet and interesting.

“④” This outline of the scriptures “:” From Lingnan today, there are the names of tube laurel, cinnamon, cassia heart, guan gui, and ban gui.

It used to be said that Gui Gui is as round as bamboo, and there are two or three of them, but what is now called Gui Gui.

Tube, 箘 character is near, or the wrong ear is written.

Or cloud that cinnamon also.

Mu cinnamon is thin, yellow in color, less fat meat, like Qi Mulan, taste similar, peeled the name Guixin, what is called Guangui today, this is also suspected.

Gui is a half-roll fatty person, what is called Ban Gui today, it is suspected to be this too.

The types in the pictures of Guan Bin, Yi, Shao, and Qin Zhuzhou are also different, but they are all titled Gui, without complex aliases.

“⑤” Outline “:” Gui is the thick and violent person of Mu Gui, and Mu Gui is the thin and light taste of Gui. ”

“” There are several kinds of gui, to visit today: Mu Gui leaves are as long as loquat leaves, hard and hairy and sawtooth, its flowers are white, and its skin is fatty.

Cinnamon leaves are narrow and bright like persimmon leaves, with three longitudinal texts without serrations, their flowers are yellow and white, and their skins are thin and rolled.

This is what the merchants are saying today.

But if the person who rolls is Gui Gui, the person who half rolls and board is Mu Gui, that is to understand.

Su Gong said that Zhenghe doctors see today’s users, Chen Zangqi and Chen Chengchuan.

Mu is one thing, not cricket.

Tao Hongjing Fu looks like the single word Gui as Ye Xibai, neither is it.

Bai Yezhi Gui is a cloud that is served by the food court.

Su Gong said slightly.

It is also inappropriate to use Qinzhou as the single word.

“” Gui, that is, cinnamon.

Thick and sturdy, for rough skin.

The person who removes the inner and outer skin is Guixin.
“” Mugui, that is Mugui, is thin and light, and is used to remove coarse skin.
The thinnest is Guizhi.

The youngest branch is Liu Gui.

“⑥” The Book “contains Mugui and Xigui, and” Guide of the Famous Doctor “has another” gui “.

“Compendium of Materia Medica” believes that Gui is Mu Gui, which are connected together into one.

You Yun: “Cinnamon is also cinnamon”, you can see Mu Gui, cinnamon is the same thing.

For example, Tao Hongjing, Tao Hongjing called it “a perfect circle like bamboo,” and the “Book of Classics” said: “The bark is blue and yellow, and the thin roll is like a tube.

Based on this, Tong Gui is now the official Gui.

  [Identification of raw medicinal materials]: ①Guangui is semi-grooved or slender, about 40 cm long and about 1 wide.

5-3 cm, skin thickness 1-3 mm.

The outer surface is gray-brown, with fine wrinkles and small cracks, and the pores are elliptical, with occasionally aligned horizontal stripes and gray spots. Those who scrape the skin, have a smoother surface, reddish-brown, commonly known as “gui heart”.

The inner surface is dark reddish brown and granular.

It is hard and brittle, with a fuchsia or brown-red cross-section, and light-colored stone cell groups can be seen intermittently in a ring shape.

The aroma is sweet and sweet.

  ② Qibian Gui is a long piece, with the left and right sides bent inward, the center is slightly concave, 40-50 cm long and 4 wide.

5-6 cm, 3-6 mm thick.

The outer surface is gray-brown, and the inner surface is reddish-brown. When you use your nails to scratch, it is often brown and oily.

Strong aroma, others are similar to Guangui.

  ③ Ban Gui is plate-shaped, usually 30-40 cm long, 5-12 cm wide, and about 4 mm thick. The cut surfaces are rough.

All of the above are thick-skinned, thick-purple in section, oily, strong in aroma, sweet and slightly bitter, and those without chewing are preferred.

Microscopic identification: Cross-section of the bark: a series of cork cells with slightly thicker walls. The outer wall of the cork cells in the innermost column is extra thick and woody.

The cortex is relatively wide, scattered with stone cells, oil cells, and mucus cells.

There is a group of stone cells in the middle cylindrical sheath, divided into nearly continuous annular layers, the outer wall of the stone cells is thin, and there are fiber bundles on the outside of the stone cell layer.

The phloem accounts for about 1/2 of the thickness of the skin, and the rays are 1 to 2 rows of cells; phloem fibers are often slender and sparse; oil cells can be seen everywhere, slightly larger than phloem parenchyma cells; there are mucus cells.

The parenchyma cells of this product contain starch granules; some contain fine needle crystals of calcium oxalate, especially crystals in ray cells.

  Powder: reddish brown.

  ①Fibers are multi-split, long fusiform, straight or wavy, with a length of 195-920μm and a diameter of 24-50μm. The walls are extremely thick, woody, and pits are not obvious.

  ②Stone cells are round, square or polygonal, with a diameter of 32-88 μm. Some walls are thin on one side, and a few cells contain calcium oxalate needles.

  ③ Oil cells are round or oblong, 45-108 μm in diameter, containing light yellow oil droplets.

  ④The needle crystals of calcium oxalate are small and grow to 43μm, scattered in bundles or scattered, especially in the ray cells, and they are also thin rod-shaped, a few are rectangular plate-shaped, wide to 6μm.

  ⑤The cell wall of the cork is lignified, and one side is thin and has pits.

In addition, there are red-brown parenchyma cells, starch granules, and flaky calcium oxalate crystals.

  [Chinese medicine chemical composition]: The skin contains volatile oil (called cinnamon oil) 1-2%, the main component is cinnamaldehyde (cinnamaldehyde) 75-90%, and contains a small amount of cinnamyl acetate, phenylpropyl acetate and so on.

This product does not contain eugenol, but also contains mucus and sediment.

Contains 1% -2% of volatile oil, 75% -95% of cinnamaldehyde (cinnamaldehyde) as the main component in the oil, a small amount of cinnamyl acetate (cinnamyl acetate), eugenol, cinnamic acid, ethyl phenylpropionate;Phenolic compounds cinnzeylanine, anhydrocinnzeylanol, cinnzeylanine, cinncassiol A, B, C1, C2, C3, D1, D2, D3, D4) and its glucose plasma.

It has also been reported that cinnamon from Guangxi Yulin has a volatile oil content of 5.

86%, still contains coumarin, trans-cinnamic acid (trans-cinnamic acid), β-sitosterol, choline, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid (vanillic acid), trace syringic acid (syringic acid) and D-glucose.

And contains calcium, magnesium, iron, silicon, sodium, aluminum, barium, manganese, titanium, zinc, strontium, chromium, nickel, copper, zirconium, silver and other elements.

  [Chemical identification of traditional Chinese medicine]: (1) Take a small amount of the powder of this product, shake with chloroform, suck 2 drops of chloroform solution on a glass slide, wait for drying, and then add 1 drop of 10% hydrochloric acid benzene solution, and cover the slideMicroscopic examination showed rod-like crystals of cinnamaldehyde benzophenone.

  (2) Thin layer chromatography: Take this product powder 0.
5g, add 10ml of ethanol, stopper, shake, cold soak for 20min, filter, and use a capillary tube as the test solution; take another cinnamaldehyde ethanol solution as a control.
Pipette 2-5 μl of the test solution and 2 μl of the reference solution, point them on the same silica gel G thin-layer plate, develop with petroleum ether (60-90 ° C) -acetic acid (85:15), and spray 0.

1% 2.

4-dinitrobenzaldehyde test solution.

Cinnamaldehyde is orange.